Date: Thu., Oct 20th, 2022, 6:00 PM – 7:00 PM (MDT) Alberta
IEEE EMBS Chapter Distinguished Lecture (DL) Series:
Speaker: Dr. Hermano Igo Krebs of MIT
Topic: How Robotics are Revolutionizing Rehabilitation
Capitalizing on the new understanding of brain plasticity, we introduced a paradigm shift in clinical practice in 1989 when we initiated the development of the MIT-Manus robot for neuro-rehabilitation and deployed it into the clinic. Since then we collected evidence to support the potential of enhancing and augmenting recovery following a stroke, first during the sub-acute and then the chronic phase. Our efforts and that of others led to the endorsements starting in 2010 from the American Heart Association, the American Stroke Association, and the Veterans Administration for the use of rehabilitation robots for the Upper Extremity, but not yet for the Lower Extremity. AHA recommendations were the same in the 2016 revision. Furthermore, it was demonstrated in the VA system that upper extremity robotic therapy has an economic advantage over manual therapy. More recently we completed a pragmatic study RATULS under the auspices of the National Health Service of the United Kingdom and its NIHR Health Technology Assessment Programme, which enrolled 770 stroke patients. Thus, we have developed novel robotic treatment and evaluation tools and have managed to collect the experimental evidence that demonstrates the unequivocal therapeutic benefits stemming from robot-aided rehabilitation for the upper extremity as well as present shortcomings. This talk will present an overview of our past rehabilitation robotics efforts and more recent efforts addressing the identified shortcomings.
Dr. Hermano Igo Krebs is a Principal Research Scientist at MIT’s Mechanical Engineering Department and the Director of The77Lab. the77lab.mit.edu He holds affiliate positions as an Adjunct Professor at University of Maryland School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, and as a Visiting Professor at Fujita Health University, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Japan), at Osaka University, Mechanical Science and Bioengineering Department (Japan), at Keio University, System Design Engineering Department (Japan) and at Loughborough University, The Wolfson School of Mechanical, Electrical, and Manufacturing Engineering (UK). Dr. Krebs is a Fellow of the IEEE and received the 2015 IEEE-INABA Technical Award for Innovation leading to Production “For contributions to medical technology innovation and translation into commercial applications for Rehabilitation Robotics.” Furthermore, he was one of the founders and the Chairman of the Board of Directors of Interactive Motion Technologies from 1998 to 2016. He successfully sold it to Bionik Laboratories, a publicly traded company. He later founded 4Motion Robotics.